Another of Lukács’ essays from his famous 1923 collection History and Class Consciousness, Legality and Illegality is an important warning against the diametrically opposed romanticisation or mortal fear of illegality seen in altogether too many so-called “communist” organisations of the modern day, as well as a thorough exploration of bourgeois […]
Every reasonably aware person of our time is aware of the obvious fact that art can no longer be justified as a superior activity, or even as a compensatory activity to which one might honorably devote oneself. The reason for this deterioration is clearly the emergence of productive forces that necessitate other production […]
With any topic we must first define it in order to further and fully analyze it. Consumerism, as will be examined here, is no exception. Consumerism is defined as “a social and economic order that encourages the acquisition of goods and services in ever-increasing amounts.” Why does this phenomenon occur? […]
One of the essays from ‘History and Class Consciousness’, Lukács’ best known and most influential work, Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat introduces his concept of reification, how reified consciousnesses have influenced philosophy and political thought, and the standpoint of the proletariat in history from a Marxian point of view.
An article published in the journal ‘Invariance’ in 1969, outlining the left-communist opposition to bourgeois democracy. Originally intended to be part of a much larger work, which was never completed.
Debord’s 1967 work of analysis of culture under capitalism, and criticism of previous Marxists – positing that they functioned as part of the same spectacle of capitalism.