To the generation of revolutionaries which emerged from the resurgence of class struggles at the end of the 1960s, it was difficult enough to recognise the proletarian character of the October 1917 insurrection and the Bolshevik party which provided its political leadership. The trauma of the Stalinist counter-revolution had produced, […]
An essay examining the causes of the degeneration of the Russian Revolution, as well as the symptoms of the switch from dictatorship of the proletariat, to dictatorship of the bourgeoisie.
Engels and the Agrarian Programs of the Socialist Parties In September 1894, at its Nantes Congress, the French Workers Party (the party of Guesde and Lafargue) adopted an agrarian action program. In October, in Frankfurt am Main, the German Social Democratic Party of Engels was engaged in addressing the same […]
One of the essays from ‘History and Class Consciousness’, Lukács’ best known and most influential work, Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat introduces his concept of reification, how reified consciousnesses have influenced philosophy and political thought, and the standpoint of the proletariat in history from a Marxian point of view.
Bordiga’s commentary on Lenin’s text ‘”Left-Wing” Communism: An Infantile Disorder’, written in 1961. Lenin’s original work, often misrepresented as being against left-communism, is in fact a polemic against the tendencies now called councilism and utopianism, as Bordiga makes clear.
A 1918 article criticising the economic policy of Soviet Russia, arguing it was heading towards state capitalism.
A 1918 article criticising the foreign policy of Soviet Russia as an abandonment of internationalism.
Marxism, in simple terms, is the science of the liberation of the proletariat. It then follows naturally that one of the key questions which this field of analysis grapples with is how to do that. At the heart of this question is the need for a revolutionary party. As Italian […]
The purpose of this brief text is to stimulate interest in the well-known concepts of the dialectical method employed by Marx in his economic and historical works. It is intended to serve as an intermediate step towards more extensive research, which must come to terms with a theme that is […]
Every so often we need to check our own political assumptions in order to critically evaluate our conduct in relation to what is currently going on. We also need to examine the behaviour of those who believe they are the repositories of who-knows-what coherence, with principles and methods that should […]